The Spacecraft Assembly, Integration and Test Center, located in Kazan, to the northwest of capital Ankara, will initially test the Gokturk-1 satellite, a civil and military observation satellite due to be launched in November.
The 3,800 square meter center, sited near a military air base, will be capable of testing satellites up to 5 tonnes in weight, the company said in Tuesdays statement.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan is expected to attend the opening ceremony.
The center, funded by the Defense Ministry and telecommunications firm Turksat, is part of Turkish efforts to break into the international space industry.
Among the tests to be conducted at the TAI-operated site will be vibration tests, acoustic tests and solar array deployment.
The production of Turkey's first native satellite Turksat 6A - a Turkish communications satellite currently under construction - will be conducted at the center.